KENNETH J. KINGSLEY
7739 East Broadway No. 119
Tucson, AZ 85710
(520) 870-8766 email@example.com
Ph.D., Entomology and Ecology, University of Arizona, Tucson
M.S., Biological Sciences, University of Nevada, Las Vegas
B.A., Biology, Prescott College
Ecology of invertebrates, birds, mammals, and plants
Field studies and surveys for rare and endangered species
Conservation biology and habitat conservation planning
Riparian and aquatic ecosystems
Spring Mountains National Recreation Area
Butterfly Habitat Assessment
Sonoita Creek State Natural Area, Arizona State Parks
Visitor Center Operation
Saguaro National Park
Nature by Night Walks
Avian Inventory of the Lower Santa Cruz River, Arizona
Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument
Ecology of Invertebrates
Death Valley National Park
Mammals of the Grapevine Mountains
I am a conservation biologist with over 37 years of experience in ecological research and management, retired after 15 years as a senior scientist with SWCA Environmental Consultants (swca.com). My work has included invertebrate, mammal, bird, amphibian, reptile, and plant surveys of many areas in the Southwestern U.S. and Hawaii. I have worked in a variety of natural and human-influenced habitats including wilderness, subterranean, montane, wetland, desert, riparian, aquatic, agricultural, and urban environments. My background combines field skills, experience exploring challenging environments, natural history interpretation, technical writing, and critical analysis abilities.
I have conducted field surveys for wildlife and plants in Arizona, California, Hawaii, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Texas. I have published papers in the peer-reviewed scientific literature on endangered birds, insects, mammals, and integrated pest management, and presented papers at many professional meetings. I have also published articles and photographs in other magazines and wrote a weekly natural history column for a newspaper for four years. I designed and managed a private 4,500-acre wildlife preserve and a natural history museum for a guest ranch in Arizona. I have mentored other scientists, taught high school, college, and graduate students, and provided interpretive programs in a variety of settings. I have served as an adjunct professor for The Audubon Expedition Institute and Prescott College, and continue to engage in a variety of volunteer projects involving natural history interpretation, wildlife surveys, and ecological studies.
I am an avid hiker, backpacker, canoeist, kayaker, and mountain biker. I have had continuing education training as a Backcountry Ranger, Certified Interpretive Host, Wilderness First Aid and CPR, Pet First Aid, Animal Rescue in Disasters, and the U.S. Coast Guard Boating Skills and Safety course. I have acted as a supernumerary with the Arizona Opera Company and an actor with the Saint Francis Players.
Ph.D. 1985 Major: Entomology. Minor: Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. University of Arizona, Tucson.
Dissertation: Bionomics and Management of Pest Mosquitoes at the Agro-urban Interface, Santa Cruz Valley, Arizona. Abstract: The world’s largest irrigated pecan orchard is located adjacent to one of the largest retirement communities: Green Valley, Arizona. Flood irrigation of the pecans produced huge numbers of mosquitoes (Aedes vexans and Psorophora columbiae) that invaded the retirement community and engendered complaints to the local health department. Threats of an injunction against irrigation and subsequent loss of the area’s primary industry that provided jobs for several hundred people loomed as a possibility. The usual sequence for the farmers was: irrigate, wait for complaints, spray with malathion or other insecticide, then irrigate again. This resulted in the farm laborers enduring up to 100 mosquito bites per minute, with more annoying mosquitoes developing throughout the summer, and increased numbers of insecticide resistant pecan aphids, the only agricultural pest, due to the loss of natural control by predators and disease. I conducted the first large-scale agricultural tests of a new mosquito-specific insecticide, the bacterial product Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis (Bti). Today, that material is the leading mosquito control agent in the world. I developed an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program based on use of Bti and water management that could be applied inexpensively by farm laborers. That program caused a drop to less than one bite per person per day for farm workers, an end of complaints, and happy farmers and residents.
M.S. 1981 Biology. University of Nevada, Las Vegas.
Thesis: Mammals of the Grapevine Mountains, Death Valley National Monument. Abstract: The Grapevine Mountains is a largely wilderness area of approximately 500 square miles that forms the northeast corner of Death Valley National Park. Elevations range from -120 to + 8,700 feet above sea level, and the range has six major biotic communities, riparian and spring communities and many old mines. I conducted a survey of the mammals using live and snap trapping, tracking, bat netting, aerial survey, exploring inactive mines for their use and suitability as habitats for bats and other wildlife species, and time-lapse movie photography. A total of 42 species were recorded. Trapping included 4,937 trap-nights for rodents, using both live and snap traps. A total of 854 individuals of 16 species were caught, and 413 specimens were prepared and deposited in the Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley. My thesis was published as part of the National Park Service Technical Reports Series. I also prepared, with my major professor Dr. C. L. Douglas, a report titled: Bighorn Habitat Evaluation and Management Guidelines for the Grapevine Mountains, Death Valley National Monument.
INTERPRETIVE AND TEACHING EXPERIENCE
SONOITA CREEK STATE NATURAL AREA/PATAGONIA LAKE STATE PARK. Conducted interpretive programs, primarily pontoon boat tours and bird walks, created and presented evening programs, and staffed visitor center.
SWCA, INC. ENVIRONMENTAL CONSULTANTS. As Senior Scientist, responsible for mentoring junior scientists, providing information and support on a wide variety of issues and species of concern, reviewing manuscripts, and conducting specific training experiences.
SAGUARO NATIONAL PARK. Volunteer leader of monthly nocturnal nature hikes.
SHACKLETON SCHOOL. Guest educator, leading students from a private alternative high school in Massachusetts on backpacking trips in the Superstition and Santa Catalina Mountains in Arizona.
CLE INTERNATIONAL. Invited lecturer in Continuing Legal Education conferences on the Endangered Species Act. 2000, 1999, 1997, 1994. Presented lectures for audiences of lawyers, agency personnel, consultants and the regulated community on aspects of the Endangered Species Act.
AUDUBON EXPEDITION INSTITUTE. Adjunct Faculty. For three years, taught field courses in Systematic Investigation of Local Flora and Fauna for graduate students in environmental education.
PRESCOTT COLLEGE. Adjunct Faculty. Mentored individual students studying biological science subjects, photography and illustration, and computer skills. Taught field courses on ecology and natural history.
UNIVERSITY OF NEVADA, LAS VEGAS. Graduate Teaching Assistant. Taught laboratory sessions in Human Anatomy and Physiology, introductory biology, vertebrate zoology, and ecology classes for majors and non-majors.
THE WICKENBURG INN. Naturalist. Full-time resident naturalist at guest ranch in Arizona. Created program of natural history interpretation for guests, including a museum, nature walks, slide shows, and tours of historical sites and National Parks. Developed programs for children and adults, and international clientele. Wrote weekly natural history column for local newspaper. Led horseback, vehicular, and pedestrian tours.
2007- Volunteer Natural Resources Scientist and Backcountry Ranger, Spring Mountains National Recreation Area, U.S. Forest Service
2005-2007 Volunteer Resource Inventory and Monitoring Scientist and Interpretive Guide,
Arizona State Parks.
1991 - 2005 Senior Scientist. SWCA, Inc., Environmental Consultants, Tucson.
1991 - 1994 Adjunct Faculty. Audubon Expedition Institute/ Lesley College.
1990 - 1991 Project Manager/Zoologist. Southwestern Field Biologists, Tucson, Arizona.
1986 - 1990 Consulting Biologist. Owner of Biological Consulting Firm.
1987 - 1988 Adult Degree Program Advisor. Prescott College, Prescott, Arizona.
1985 - 1986 Post-Doctoral Research Associate. Dept. of Entomology, University of Arizona.
1982 - 1985 Graduate Research Associate. Department of Entomology, University of Arizona.
1981 - 1982 Biological Technician. National Park Service Coop. Unit, University of Arizona.
1978 - 1981 Biological Technician. National Park Service Coop. Unit, University of Nevada.
1974 - 1978 Adjunct Professor. Prescott College, Prescott, Arizona.
1972 - 1978 Naturalist and Wildlife Preserve Director. Wickenburg Inn, Wickenburg, Arizona.
1970 - 1972 Teaching and Research Assistant. Prescott College, Arizona.
PERMITS AND CERTIFICATIONS
Current: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service permit for surveys for threatened and endangered species in the Southwestern Region. Arizona Game and Fish Department permit to conduct surveys for nongame birds, capture bats, handle desert tortoises and other reptiles and amphibians, and capture fish. American Red Cross certified in CPR and Wilderness First Aid Basics. Inactive: Utah River Guide III; US Forest Service certified for surveys and monitoring of Mexican spotted owl; Arizona Department of Agriculture and Horticulture agricultural pest control advisor (insects); Arizona Department of Public Safety Emergency Medical Technician.
SELECTED REPRESENTATIVE PROJECTS
Invertebrate Surveys and Studies
Butterfly Habitat Assessment. As a volunteer for Spring Mountains National Recreation Area, U.S. Forest Service. 2007. Eight kinds of butterflies are found only in the Spring Mountains, and are subjects of a conservation agreement between the U.S. Forest Service and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. One, the Mount Charleston Blue, has been petitioned for listing as endangered. I conducted habitat assessments for portions of a planned new multi-use trail, mapping and counting known food plants of the butterflies. I also conducted surveys for butterflies and their habitat, especially in areas that were difficult to access, e.g. above 10,000 feet elevation in wilderness, and monitored wilderness use and impacts to butterfly habitat. I documented distribution of Mount Charleston Blue butterflies and potential habitat for them that exceeded the previously known range. I examined the literature on butterfly and host plant ecology and prepared a report that included my findings and suggestions for future efforts. In addition, I prepared a teaching collection of butterflies to be used for training Forest Service personnel.
Springsnail Status Monitoring. As a volunteer for Spring Mountains National Recreation Area, U.S. Forest Service. 2007. Springsnails of the genus Pyrgulopsis include many highly endemic species, often limited in distribution to only one or a handful of springs. They are minute, cryptic, often difficult to access, and poorly known. Two species of springsnails (P. deaconi and P. turbatrix) have been documented as occurring at several springs that are under management jurisdiction of the U.S. Forest Service in the Spring Mountains National Recreation Area. The Forest Service was committed to periodic monitoring of these populations at five springs, but had not been able to do so since 1998 because of a lack of trained personnel. I visited each of the springs and documented the presence of snails and current conditions in a detailed report that will serve as a basis for further periodic monitoring.
Bioassessment of Aquatic Macroinvertebrates. For ASARCO, Inc. 1998-2006. Developed protocol and conducted annual surveys and analysis of aquatic macroinvertebrates in Mineral Creek, above and below a mining operation to assist ASARCO, Inc. in compliance with its NPDES permit. Documented appreciable improvements in macroinvertebrate community as a result of the pollution control effort.
Behavioral Ecology and Conservation Biology of the Delhi Sands Flower-loving Fly. For San Bernardino County. 1995-1999. Analyzed data on more than 11,000 observations of fly behavior and resource use. Wrote annual reports on behavioral ecology of Delhi Sands Flower-loving Fly at County Hospital site in Colton, California. Published papers in Annals of the Entomological Society of America and Journal of Insect Conservation.
Conservation Agreement for the San Xavier Talus Snail. For Arizona Electric Power Cooperative. 1998. Evaluated draft of conservation agreement for the protection of this snail, which is known only from a small area adjacent to a microwave tower and access road. Visited the site and assessed effects of the agreement on the snail and the maintenance needs for the road and tower. Advised client on terms of the agreement.
Invertebrates of Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument. For U.S. National Park Service. 1987-1990. Conducted 3-year study on ecology of invertebrates as part of a multidisciplinary 14-project Sensitive Ecosystems Program. Observed and collected invertebrates at 16 ecologically distinct sites. Collected and curated more than 4,200 specimens. Developed computer database on over 5,000 observations, and wrote reports and monitoring protocols. Published Technical Report.
Grasshoppers and Butterflies as Indicator Species Evaluation. For U.S. National Park Service. Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument. 1985-1987. Conducted 2-year study on the butterflies and grasshoppers at Quitobaquito Springs as indicators of environmental quality. Published Technical Report at close of project.
Aquatic Fauna of Minor Tributaries of the Colorado River. For U.S. National Park Service, Grand Canyon National Park. 1982-1986. Conducted original investigation of ecology of invertebrates and vertebrates in rock pools and small streams along the Colorado River in Grand Canyon National Park. This study required participating in multi-disciplinary research river trips for 21 days each year, and investigating biota of aquatic ecosystems of several dozen side canyons that included springs, interrupted streams, and rock basins. The study was conducted over a range of rainfall years, from extreme drought to severe flooding, and contrasted the effects on fauna of the different aquatic systems and rainfall amounts.
Arthropod Fauna of Quitobaquito Springs Management Area. For U.S. National Park Service, Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument. 1983-1984. Conducted a two-year survey of arthropod fauna of a desert oasis using a variety of techniques for terrestrial and aquatic species. Published Technical Report.
Cave and Karst Invertebrates Studies and Plans
Cave Preserve Management and Monitoring Plans. For Bexar County ( Texas) Cave Conservation Coalition. 1992-2000. Designed and wrote pilot plans for preserving and monitoring caves known to contain endangered invertebrates. Conducted surveys in caves and above ground to evaluate conditions and presence of species of concern. Delineated areas to preserve by fencing and designed plans for monitoring and fire ant control.
Conservation Agreement for Cave Invertebrates. For Bexar County Cave Conservation Coalition and Fulbright & Jaworski. 1996. In collaboration with legal experts, prepared working draft of a conservation agreement and strategy to absolve the need to list species of cave invertebrates as endangered. Served as member of technical team, working with US Fish and Wildlife Service and Texas Parks and Wildlife Department officials, in developing agreement and strategy.
Proposed Endangered Species Evaluation. For Bexar County Cave Conservation Coalition and Fulbright & Jaworski. 1994. Compiled detailed reviews of known information on the distribution and ecology of karst invertebrates and advised coalition of landowners on protection of species petitioned for listing as endangered.
Endangered Hawaiian Invertebrates Survey. For Ka'upulehu Developments. 1994. Investigated 36 lava tubes (caves) on the island of Hawaii for suitable habitat and presence of invertebrates of special concern on 2,000-acre site. Documented presence of non-native invertebrate species in most tubes. In this area, all lava tubes of sufficient size were used as burial sites by ancient Hawaiians, so conducting this survey required extreme care not to disturb important cultural artifacts and graves.
Multiple Taxa Surveys and StudiesPreliminary Inventory of Wildlife Species for Posey Well, San Simon, Arizona. For U.S. Bureau of Land Management (BLM). 2006. A wildlife habitat improvement project is planned to
be conducted by the BLM at a 60-acre site known as Posey Well near San Simon, Cochise County, Arizona. A pre- and post- project inventory of wildlife species is needed to document the potential impacts of the proposed project. I conducted a pre-project inventory of birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, and plants present and detectable under conditions at the time of the inventory, 5-7 April, 2006, and prepared a report documenting findings. The site has four distinct biological communities. Plants were identified to species, when possible under existing conditions, and notes on relative abundance, condition of population, and utilization by wildlife were compiled. The relevé method by ocular estimate, using the scale of Braun-Blanquet, was used to record stratum and abundance (as related to cover) of plants that could be identified readily in the field. Live trapping for rodents was done along transect lines through each community. Pitfall trap arrays for reptiles were placed in each community. Mist netting, ultrasonic bat detectors, and night vision scope observations were used for bats. Transect counts and point counts were used for birds. Standing water was visually examined for aquatic organisms.
Biological Considerations and Opportunities for the A7 Ranch Property near Redington in Pima and Cochise Counties, Arizona. For City of Tucson. 2002. The City of Tucson became the owner of an approximately 41,094 acre ranch. I prepared a report that summarizes observations and available information on the A7 Ranch with regard to wildlife and plant species that are considered special status species. Species considered (11 plants, 16 invertebrates, 9 fish, 2 amphibians, 9 reptiles, 20 birds, and 13 mammals) were those that are currently listed, proposed, or candidates for listing under the federal Endangered Species Act (ESA); species considered as Wildlife Species of Special Concern In Arizona (WSCA) by the Arizona Game and Fish Department that are known to occur in the general area of the A7 Ranch; species included as Priority Vulnerable Species in Pima County’s Sonoran Desert Conservation Plan; and species considered Sensitive by the U.S. Forest Service. The report was prepared at the request of the City of Tucson to support decisions that might be made in evaluating the future ownership and management of the A7 Ranch property. It includes a review of potential opportunities for mitigation and habitat enhancement for the species considered as potentially occurring on the property.
Ecological Constraints and Opportunities for Molokai Ranch, Molokai, Hawaii. For Molokai Ranch, Ltd. 1995. I conducted a general survey of a 50,000-acre ranch, with focus on water lines and intakes, for threatened and endangered species. I compiled data on 65 special status species of plants and animals and potential impacts to them. I hiked along the entire route of a 10-mile water line from the top (3,000+ feet elevation) of the island to the west coast, and evaluated occurrence of native plants and animals. I wrote a report that evaluated potential constraints to development, environmental laws and concerns that must be a factor, and potential opportunities for beneficial actions for developing ranch land and activities.
Biological Evaluation of the Apache-Hayden Transmission Line. For Arizona Electric Power Cooperative. 1996. Conducted survey and review for 67 special status species of plants and animals, prepared vegetation map, and wrote report that reviewed potential environmental issues for 90-mile power transmission line.
Bird Surveys and Studies
Important Bird Area Monitoring Surveys. As a volunteer for Arizona State Parks. 2005-2006. I conducted transect and point count surveys following IBA protocols of birds in Sonoita Creek State Natural Area and Verde River Greenway State Natural Area. These are generally considered as two of the most outstanding bird habitat areas in the state.
Southwestern Willow Flycatcher Surveys . As a volunteer for Arizona State Parks. 2005-2006. I conducted call playback surveys following the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service protocol for this endangered species in Sonoita Creek State Natural Area and Verde River Greenway State Natural Area.
Western Yellow-billed Cuckoo Surveys. As a volunteer for Arizona State Parks. 2005-2006. I conducted call playback surveys following the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service approved protocol for this species in Sonoita Creek State Natural Area and Verde River Greenway State Natural Area.
National Marsh Bird Surveys. As a volunteer for Arizona State Parks. 2006. I conducted call playback surveys following the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service approved protocol for marsh birds in the Verde River Greenway State Natural Area, including Tavasci Marsh.
Avian Inventory of the Lower Santa Cruz River. For U.S. Bureau of Reclamation. 1999-2000. I was the Principal Investigator on a project to determine the species richness and relative species abundance for bird species along an effluent-dominated stretch of the Santa Cruz River from the Roger Road Wastewater Treatment Plant to the Pima/Pinal County line. I conducted transect surveys along five one-half mile long study reaches three times in each of four seasons. A total of 133 bird species was found to use the area. I prepared a report that detailed findings and related them to vegetation and water conditions. I presented a poster at a planning conference, and an oral presentation to the annual meeting of the Arizona Riparian Council.
Surveys for Endangered Bird Species. For various clients. Continuing since 1970. Conducted species specific surveys for the following species: cactus ferruginous pygmy-owl, Mexican spotten owl, Yuma clapper rail, southwestern willow flycatcher, golden-cheeked warbler, black-capped vireo, yellow-billed cuckoo, bald eagle, American peregrine falcon, northern goshawk, common black hawk, northern gray hawk, zone-tailed hawk, and general surveys for all birds.
Mammal Surveys and Studies
Status Review of Merriam’s Mouse (Peromyscus merriami) in Pima County. For Pima County Flood Control District. 2004-2005. Merriam’s Mouse was being considered for potential listing as an endangered species because of alleged habitat destruction by human activities. I collaborated with the County to prepare and submit a successful grant application to the Arizona Natural Heritage Program, administered by the Arizona Game and Fish Department. The study involved examination of specimens and field notes of collectors, review of data on specimens in museums, evaluation of existing habitat potential at the sites where the species has been historically found, selection of potential locations for further study, and live-trapping at 19 selected sites to determine whether the species is still present. Samples were collected for DNA analysis. I found that this species is widespread and not rare, is found in a variety of mesquite-dominated habitats, and is still present at or near locations where it was historically found throughout its geographic range. However, it is extremely difficult to identify, and very few people have the expertise to identify it positively.Bat Surveys. For various mining companies and other clients. Continuing since 1978, I conducted surveys of inactive mine sites for bats that use them as roosts. Surveyed several hundred inactive mines for use by bats in Arizona, Nevada, and California. This included complete surveys of all adits that were safe enough to enter, and twilight watches at unsafe sites using night vision apparatus and ultrasonic bat detectors, including the ANABAT system. It also
included a structural evaluation of an inactive mine known to be used by bats, and advising engineers on approaches to ensure the long-term stability of the site without adversely impacting bats.
Black Mesa Wildlife Monitoring. For Peabody Coal Company. 1997. Conducted surveys for small mammals and bats on reclaimed coal mining land on the Navajo Reservation. Developed experimental design to test hypothesis that mammal use of surface depressions was not different from mammal use of other reclaimed areas, particularly for the Mexican vole and several bat species of concern. Participated in fieldwork and data analysis, reviewed reports.
Mammals of the Grapevine Mountains, Death Valley National Monument. For U.S. National Park Service. 1978-1981. See description under M.S. Thesis.
Fish and Amphibian Surveys and Studies
Aravaipa Creek Fish Survey. 2002-2005. As a perennial volunteer, I participated in twice-yearly three-day seining and electrofishing survey of seven species of native fish in Aravaipa Creek. I collaborated as a team member with personnel of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Bureau of Land Management, Arizona Game and Fish Department, University of Arizona, and Arizona State University. In the final year, I also provided catering service for the team of 20.
Chiricahua Leopard Frog Baseline Survey. For Chilton Ranch, Arivaca, Arizona. 2004. I conducted a baseline survey for frogs on a ranch, examining stockponds, natural stream channels, and water troughs for use by the threatened Chiricahua leopard frog. The purpose of this study was to determine a baseline, prefatory to developing a Safe Harbor Agreement for introduction of threatened frogs to waters of the ranch. No Chiricahua leopard frogs were found, and conditions were not suitable for establishing them unless habitat modifications were made.
O’Donnell Creek Fish Restoration. For The Nature Conservancy and Arizona Game and Fish Department. 2003. As a volunteer, I participated in renovation of a creek to restore native fish and remove non-native fish. I led a team of volunteers, operated a backpack fish shocker and directed the capture and processing of fish.
Cave Creek Fish Survey. For Spur Cross Ranch. 1996. Collaborated in electrofishing survey with biologists from the US Fish and Wildlife Service and Arizona Game and Fish Department.
Salamander Surveys. For various private landowners in central Texas. 1992-1994. Conducted surveys, above and below ground, for salamanders of various species. Found several species of salamanders, including some rare and special status species.
Plant Surveys and Studies
Distribution of Vascular Plant Species and Current Conditions of the Vegetation Community – 2006, Verde River Greenway State Natural Area. For Arizona State Parks. As a volunteer, I examined 199 points within a state park area that included natural riparian and upland areas as well as developed recreational facilities. At each point, I recorded GPS coordinates (UTM), identified all identifiable plant species within a 10-meter radius circle, and took photographs in each cardinal direction. I compiled the data into a spreadsheet, and used it to document occurrence and associations for 150 taxa of vascular plants. I wrote a report documenting findings and produced maps of the distributions of species of special concern including weeds and rare species.
Biological Assessment of Potential Impacts to Pima Pineapple Cactus from Development of a Safeway Shopping Center in Sahuarita, Pima County, Arizona. For Safeway, Inc. 2000. Conducted survey, using USFWS accepted protocol, for Pima pineapple cactus (Coryphantha scheeri robustispina) on a 24.5 acre potential shopping center site and found one cactus. Wrote Biological Assessment document, and worked with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to develop an equitable mitigation package for Pima pineapple cactus as part of a Section 7 Consultation for a NPDES permit.
Range Condition Survey of the Navajo Nation Forest. For E.T.D. Environmental Consulting (contractors to the Bureau of Indian Affairs and the Navajo Nation Forestry Department). 1997. As part of a Forest Management Plan Environmental Impact Statement, developed an efficient sampling program, conducted vegetation surveys, and analyzed data to evaluate range conditions on 680,000-acre forest. Wrote technical memorandum report on findings.
Habitat Conservation Planning
Adaptive Management Science Team Member, Clark County Multiple Species HCP, Clark County, Nevada. For Clark County Planning Department. 2004-2006. As a consultant to Clark County, I served on a team of scientists that includes representatives of the Biological Resources Research Center, University of Nevada, U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and U.S. Department of Agriculture. Functions of the team include monitoring science in the management of the HCP, review of proposals for funding (totaling $44 million in 2006), and evaluating scientific needs of the program.
Multi-species Habitat Conservation Plan, City of Tucson, Arizona. For City of Tucson Planning Department. 2004-2005. As Senior Scientist of the consulting firm contracted to prepare the HCP for the City, I served the information needs of the Technical Advisory Team and Stakeholders’ Team, and advised the City Planning Department on the scientific information available concerning the species being considered for inclusion in the plan. I contributed to the preparation of documents and GIS coverages, conservation and mitigation strategies, and led field trips.
Multi-species Habitat Conservation Plan, Pima County, Arizona. For Pima County (as a subcontractor to RECON Consultants and ESI, Inc.). 2000-2003. I collaborated with teams of scientists, planners, landscape architects, economists, and GIS experts in developing a multi-species HCP for Pima County, Arizona. I personally wrote or supervised writing of evaluations of status and available information for 78 species of concern, and detailed species accounts for 55 species. I participated in threats assessment, establishing vulnerable species goals, habitat data analysis, preserve design and management plan, habitat suitability modeling, a summary of information available on potentially problematic species, and an adaptive management plan. I assisted economists in developing an economic analysis of the plan and wrote sections of the economic analysis dealing with program costs.Multi-species Habitat Conservation Plan, Clark County, Nevada. For Budd-Falen Law Offices. 1997-2001. I served as scientific advisor for an attorney representing rural town boards in development of an interdisciplinary conservation planning process for 79 Covered Species, 103 Evaluation Species, and 51 Watch List Species in a county area of more than 5,000,000 acres. I represented the rural communities’ interests in meetings with representatives of academia, government agencies, and advocacy groups. I participated in Biological Advisory Committee subgroups on GIS, mammals, reptiles and amphibians, and invertebrates. I
participated as a contributor and reviewer in preparation of species accounts and threats assessments, and reviewed and commented on drafts of planning documents. I participated in development of the Adaptive Management Plan in meetings and workshops for scientists and land managers and reviewed the draft plan. The entire process contributed to development of an HCP that will conserve wildlife and plant species of concern and allow development and use of private and multiple use lands within one of the fastest growing counties in the nation.
Lower Colorado River Multi-species Conservation Program. For Metropolitan Water District of Los Angeles. 1999. I wrote species accounts and species conservation goals for bats and invertebrates included as Covered and Evaluation Species in this HCP. I compiled existing scientific literature on species of concern, including threats assessment and conservation strategies, and I synthesized accounts for bats and invertebrates.
Habitat Management Plan for the Delhi Sands Flower-loving Fly. For San Bernardino County. 1994. I developed a habitat management plan for the Delhi Sands Flower-loving Fly at a new County Hospital site in Colton, California. This initiated study of the ecology of the fly and a plan for habitat restoration. I produced a 10-minute videotape, which has been shown on CBS and NBC television.
Habitat Conservation Plan. For Washington County, Utah. 1993. I participated in the preparation of a habitat conservation plan for desert tortoise and other special status species. I was involved in meetings of the Steering Committee and Technical Advisory Committee, manuscript review and preparation, and negotiations with agencies and individuals.
Land Use Planning
Ecological Constraints and Opportunities Study. For City of Tucson. 2002. I evaluated lands owned or regulated by the City of Tucson for potential to have threatened and endangered species or to serve as mitigation for City actions that may affect such species. I wrote several reports and presented findings at meetings. This work laid the foundation for the development of a multiple species HCP for the City, and informed managers and the public of specific concerns for wildlife on City owned and regulated lands.
Paseo de las Iglesias Project. For U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and Pima County (as a subcontractor to Tetra Tech, Inc and DMA, Inc.) 2001-2004. I participated in a major riparian restoration planning project. Beginning with conducting a survey of a 7-mile reach of the Santa Cruz River for wildlife habitat and species of concern, I mapped habitat conditions and locations of wildlife observations to form the basis of a GIS database. Compiled lists of all plants and animals observed in the area. The project developed in collaboration with landscape architects and planners in development of plan alternatives and evaluation of them for effects on wildlife. I participated in a four-day workshop of planners and scientists developing a hydrogeomorphic (HGM) approach to wetland planning and an objective statistical foundation for evaluating conditions along Arizona rivers. I led field teams to measure variables at reference sites. Subsequently, I participated in development and analysis of plan alternatives, using both HGM and HEP (Habitat Evaluation Procedure) approaches, and wrote sections of the project EIS.Irvington Landfill End Use Master Plan. For The Acacia Group (contractors to the City of Tucson). 1999. I participated in the planning team designing a city park for the end use of a closed landfill. Conducted surveys for threatened and endangered species. Compiled a list of all plant species occurring on the site, with special consideration for conditions unique to a closed landfill and irrigation limitations. Developed a plant palette for landscape architects. Advised
Interpretive Specialist planning interpretive materials. Contributed to master plan booklet on the park. This project received a Professional Design Award in the Analysis and Planning Category from the Arizona Chapter of the American Society of Landscape Architects.
Natural Resources Management Plan for Barry M. Goldwater Range. For U.S. Air Force. 1996. I wrote sections of a draft management plan for 1,842,423-acre aerial training range involving multiple issues and agencies.
Environmental Assessment for Water Exchange Agreement. For ASARCO and U.S. Bureau of Reclamation. 1998. I compiled and reviewed historical literature and drafted sections of Environmental Assessment on area history and Biological Evaluation of water exchange agreement between mining company and Native American community.
Great Salt Lake Shorebird Preserve. For Kennecott Utah Copper Company. 1993. I evaluated a proposed 2,800-acre shorebird and wildlife preserve adjacent to the Great Salt Lake. I advised on potential management and design options as part of mitigation program component of Section 404 (Clean Water Act) compliance.
Wildlife Preserve and Management Plan. For The Wickenburg Inn Tennis and Guest Ranch. 1972-1973. I conducted a survey of plants and animals on a 4,700-acre parcel surrounding a proposed resort development. Using data from the survey, I designed a wildlife preserve on that land, including horseback and foot interpretive trails, wildlife waters, and viewing opportunities, and a management plan to enhance wildlife populations. I participated in the design team for the ranch, and served as an environmental monitor during construction.
Integrated Pest Management Plans
Baseline Mosquito Survey, Santa Cruz River Habitat Restoration Areas. For Pima County, Arizona Flood Control District. 2004-2005. I conducted a study of baseline conditions for mosquitoes in an area that is planned for a riparian restoration project. Documented existing mosquito larval habitats and adult population size and distribution prior to construction of the project.
Baseline Mosquito Survey, Agua Caliente Park. For Pima County, Arizona Flood Control District and Parks and Recreation Department. 2003. I developed low-cost sampling methods for mosquitoes at a wetland park and a nearby spring complex. Trained park employees and volunteers in mosquito trapping. Sampled for potential mosquito habitats. Analyzed data and wrote report. Mosquitoes were considered as a potential problem in the redesign and future management of a proposed major renovation of a wetland park. This study found that mosquito diversity was very high, but total numbers were very low under existing conditions. Specific design and management methods were developed and submitted to the park planning process to reduce the potential for mosquito problems.
Mosquito Monitoring and Abatement Program, Sweetwater Wetlands. For City of Tucson Water Department. 2000-2001. Evaluated control methods and advised site personnel on management of mosquitoes at a created wetlands. Developed and conducted a program of surveillance and monitoring that includes evaluation and fine tuning of control methods, with the goal of increasing effectiveness and decreasing costs. Analyzed data and wrote annual reports. Presented findings orally at meetings with client, agencies, and public.Integrated Pest Management Program for Central Avra Valley Storage and Recovery Project. For City of Tucson Water Department. 1997-2001. Developed mosquito IPM program
for major water recharge development project. Collaborated with engineering firm in planning facility to reduce potential for mosquito larval sites and ease of application of control measures. Developed program of sampling and least toxic methodology for control, collected baseline data, and met with project oversight committee. Maintained adult sampling program for three years.
Mosquito Control Plan. For The Nature Conservancy. 1993. Conducted investigation of mosquito habitats on Scott Matheson Wetlands Preserve, Moab, Utah. Advised The Nature Conservancy and Moab Mosquito Abatement District on techniques for management of sensitive wetlands.
Mosquito Control Plan. For Arizona Electric Power Cooperative. 1993. Developed integrated pest management program for pest mosquitoes in created wetlands at Apache Power Station, Cochise, Arizona. Trained personnel in evaluation and application techniques.
Integrated Pest Management Program for Pecan Orchard. For Farmers' Investment Company. 1986-1987. Developed integrated pest management system for pecan aphids and pest mosquitoes on world's largest irrigated pecan orchard. Developed sampling and testing protocols, evaluated pesticide applications and releases of predators, developed bacteriological control method for mosquito larvae and enhancement techniques for predators and parasites of pest insects. Enabled growers to reduce pesticide applications by 90%. Served as liaison for growers with public and regulatory agencies.
Endangered Species Act Training for Gila River Indian Community Staff. For Gila River Indian Community Department of Environmental Quality. 2004. Prepared resource notebooks that include pertinent laws, policies, procedures, and detailed species information for the resource management staff of a large Native American reservation. Special emphasis was given to the historic and current relationships between the Endangered Species Act, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and Indian tribes. The notebooks were presented in the context of a day-long seminar for tribal staff.
Panel of Experts on the Effects of Grazing on Mammals and Upland Birds. For U.S. Forest Service. 1999. Participated in two panels of experts, one for mammals, the other for birds, evaluating the current state of knowledge of the effects of Forest Service grazing programs on species native to Arizona and New Mexico. Evaluated potential effects of grazing on every species known to occur on Forest Service land in the southwestern region.
Grand Canyon Data Integration Synthesis. For U.S. Bureau of Reclamation. 1997. Wrote chapter on native fishes. Reviewed all available documents representing 30 years of research on native fishes of the Colorado River in the Grand Canyon and prepared a synthesis document that integrates existing knowledge.
Critical Analysis of San Marcos & Comal Springs &Associated Ecosystems (Revised) Recovery Plan. For Haynes and Boone, L.L.P. 1996. Reviewed the recovery plan for these ecosystems and the endangered species (salamanders, fish, and a plant), together with all available literature and wrote critical analysis for legal team. Explained what is in the plan, what evidence supports its conclusions, and what can be challenged.
Effects of Desert Wildfire. For Troon Village. 1995. Evaluated effects of several thousand acre wildfire on open space adjacent to and within housing development. Wrote report detailing the natural processes of recovery and steps that managers could take to hasten recovery.
Historical Evaluation of Wetland Habitats. For Kennecott Utah Copper Company. 1992. Investigated current and historical conditions of wetlands adjacent to mining property near Great Salt Lake.
Biological Overview of Lands Involved in Land Exchanges. For US Forest Service and Bureau of Land Management. 1996. Field investigations, videography, photography, and report preparation documenting biological conditions on properties offered for exchange as part of land exchanges between government and private agencies.
R. R. Johnson, R. L. Glinski, S. W. Carothers, and K. J. Kingsley. 2004. Urban Environments and the Cactus Ferruginous Pygmy-owl (Glaucidium brasilianum cactorum): a Profile of Endangerment of a Species. Pp. 135-145 In: W.W. Shaw, L.K. Harris, and L. VanDruff. Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposiumon Urban Wildlife Conservation. May 1-5, 1999. Tucson, Arizona. 368 pp.
Karpiscak, M. M., K. J. Kingsley, R. D. Wass, F. A. Amalfi, J. Friel, A. M. Stewart, J. Tabor, and J. Zauderer. 2004. Constructed wetland technology and mosquito populations in Arizona. Journal of Arid Environments56: 681-707.
R. R. Johnson, J.-L. E. Cartron, L.T. Haight, R.B. Duncan, and K.J. Kingsley. 2003. The cactus ferruginous pygmy-owl in Arizona, 1872-1971. Southwestern Naturalist 48(3): 389-401.
K. J. Kingsley and M. M. Karspiscak. 2002. A Plea for Gathering Data on Mosquito Populations for Areas with Proposed Aquatic and Wetland Projects. Meeting Resource Management Information Needs: Fourth Conference on Research and Resource Management in the Southwestern Deserts, Extended Abstracts. Edited by W.L. Halvorson and B.S. Gebow. 2002. USGS Sonoran Desert Field Station, The University of Arizona, Tucson.
K.J. Kingsley. 2002. Population Dynamics, Resource Use, and Conservation Needs of the Delhi Sands Flower-loving Fly (Rhaphiomidas terminatus abdominalis Cazier) (Diptera: Mydidae), an Endangered Species. Journal of Insect Conservation 6: 93-101.
K.J. Kingsley, T.R. Strong, E. L. Smith, and T. K. Snow. 2002. Caves and Mine Adits as Wildlife Resources in the Sonoran Desert Region. Proceedings of the 15th National Cave and Karst Management Symposium. Tucson, Arizona. October 16-19. pp. 138-140.
K. White and K. J. Kingsley. 2001. Principles and Practice for Design of Cave Preserve Management and Monitoring Plans for Invertebrate Species of Concern, San Antonio, Texas. Proceedings of the 14 th National Cave and Karst Management Symposium, Chattanooga, Tennessee. October 19-22, 1999. pp. 203-208.
R.R. Johnson, J.‑L. E. Cartron, L. T. Haight, R. B. Duncan, and K. J. Kingsley. 2000. A historical perspective on the population decline of the cactus ferruginous pygmy‑owl in Arizona. Chapter 2 (pp. 17-26) In: J.-L. E. Cartron and D. M. Finch, eds. Ecology and Conservation of the Cactus Ferruginous Pygmy‑owl in Arizona. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMS-GTR-43. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 68 pp.
K.J. Kingsley. 1999. Development of a Conservation Agreement to Protect Cave Invertebrates and Obviate Listing as Endangered Species in Bexar County, Texas. Proceedings of the 1997 Karst and Cave Management Symposium 13th National Cave Management Symposium, Bellingham, Washington.
K.J. Kingsley. 1998. Invertebrates of Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument, Arizona. Technical Report No. 60. U.S. Geological Survey. Cooperative Park Studies Unit. University of Arizona. 187 pp.
K.J. Kingsley. 1996. Behavior of the Delhi Sands Flower-loving Fly (Diptera: Mydidae), a Little-known Endangered Species. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 89: 883-891.
K.J. Kingsley. 1995. Invertebrate Monitoring Protocol for the Ecological Monitoring Program in Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument, Arizona. In: Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument Ecological Monitoring Protocol Manual. Special Report No. 11. National Biological Service Cooperative Park Studies Unit. School of Renewable Natural Resources. The University of Arizona.
K.J. Kingsley. 1989. Biological and Social Repercussions of Irrigated Pecan Agriculture in Southern Arizona. pp. 131-150. In J.O. Schmidt (Ed.) Special Biotic Relationships in the Arid Southwest. University of New Mexico Press. 152 pp.
K.J. Kingsley. 1987. Arizona Aphid Population Trend, Present Situation, and Results of Insecticide Applications. Proceedings of the Western Pecan Conference. 21: 68-75.
K.J. Kingsley and R.A. Bailowitz. 1987. Grasshoppers and Butterflies of the Quitobaquito Management Area, Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument, Arizona. National Park Service/University of Arizona Tech. Rep. No. 21 CPSU Contrib. 055/01. Tucson, Arizona 24 pp.
K.J. Kingsley, R.A. Bailowitz and R.L. Smith. 1987. A Preliminary Investigation of the Arthropod Fauna of Quitobaquito Springs Area, Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument, Arizona. National Park Service/University of Arizona Tech. Rep. No. 23 CPSU Contrib. 057/01. Tucson, Arizona 26 pp.
K.J. Kingsley. 1985. The Pecan Orchard as a Riparian Ecosystem. Pp. 245-249. In: R.R. Johnson, C.D. Ziebell, D.R. Patton, P.F. Folliott, and R.H. Hamre (Tech. Coords.). Riparian Ecosystems and their Management: Reconciling Conflicting Uses (First North American Riparian Conference. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-120). Ft. Collins, CO: USDA Forest Service Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 523 pp.
K.J. Kingsley. 1985. Eretes sticticus (L) (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae): Life History Observations and an Account of a Remarkable Event of Synchronous Emigration from a Temporary Desert Pond. Coleopterists Bulletin 39: 7-10.
K.J. Kingsley. 1981. Mammals of the Grapevine Mountains, Death Valley National Monument. National Park Service/University of Nevada at Las Vegas Contrib. No. CPSU/UNLV No. 018/05 Tech. Rep. Series. Las Vegas. 190 pp.
K.J. Kingsley and C.L. Douglas. 1981. Bighorn Habitat Evaluation and Management Guidelines for the Grapevine Mountains, Death Valley National Monument. National Park Service/University of Nevada at Las Vegas Contrib No. CPSU/UNLV No. 023/01 Tech. Report Series. Las Vegas: 16 pp.
Non-technical Articles in Popular Venues
K.J. Kingsley and M.A. Kurzius. 1979. The hole in the cactus. Defenders of Wildlife Magazine 54: 148-152.
K.J. Kingsley and M.A. Kurzius. 1978. After desert storm hidden life erupts. Defenders of Wildlife Magazine 53: 318-324.
K.J. Kingsley and M.A. Kurzius. 1978. The hospitable rat and the free-loaders. Defenders of Wildlife Magazine 53: 196-201.
K.J. Kingsley and M.A. Kurzius. 1973-1978. Desert Ramblings. A weekly newspaper column in The Wickenburg Sun. Over 200 articles on natural history subjects.
Papers and Posters Presented at Professional Meetings
How to Get Good Help Cheap—Retired Professionals as Volunteers in Wildlife Programs. Paper presented at the 14 National Meeting of The Wildlife Society. Tucson, AZ. September 26. 2007. With Amy J. Gaiennie
Research, Inventory, and Monitoring Volunteers—Opportunities for Professionals and Paraprofessionals. Paper presented at the 33 rd Annual Natural Areas Conference. September 20-23, 2006. Flagstaff, AZ. With Joanne M. Roberts and Amy J. Gaiennie.
Western Yellow-billed Cuckoo at Sonoita Creek State Natural Area. Paper presented at 39th Joint Annual Meeting of the Arizona and New Mexico Chapters of The Wildlife Society and Arizona/New Mexico Chapter of the American Fisheries Society. Flagstaff, Arizona, February 2-4, 2006. With Amy J. Gaiennie and Jennifer Parks.
Evaluation of mesquite mouse (Peromyscus merriami) status in Pima County, Arizona. Paper presented at 39th Joint Annual Meeting of the Arizona and New Mexico Chapters of The Wildlife Society and Arizona/New Mexico Chapter of the American Fisheries Society. Flagstaff, Arizona, February 2-4, 2006.
What Happens If You Just Add Water? Paper presented at Biodiversity and Management of the Madrean Archipelago II: Connecting Mountain Islands and Desert Seas, 5th Conference on Research and Resource Management in Southwestern Deserts. May 11-15, 2004 at the Doubletree Hotel in Tucson, Arizona Sponsored by multiple Federal, State, and Regional agencies and non-governmental organizations. Also served as moderator for session on biogeography.
What Happens If You Just Add Water? Paper presented at Restoring Streams, Riparian Areas, Floodplains: Tailoring Restoration to Community Needs and Scientific Contexts, Inventory and Monitoring. 2nd Southwest Training Workshop and Symposium. The Association of State Wetland Managers, Inc. Socorro, New Mexico. November 16-19, 2003.
Caves and Mine Adits as Wildlife Resources in the Sonoran Desert Region. Poster presentation with Thomas Strong, E. Linwood Smith, and Tim K. Snow. 15th National Cave and Karst Management Symposium. Tucson, Arizona. October 16-19, 2001.
Exotic Aquatic Species: What Makes a Species Invasive and What Makes a Habitat Sensitive to Invasion? Symposium on Reducing the Exotic Aquatics Species Threat in Pima County. Tucson, AZ. February 27, 2001
Birds of the Effluent-dominated Lower Santa Cruz River. Arizona Riparian Council. Tucson, Arizona. May 14, 2001. With Thomas E. Furgason.
Avian Surveys of the Lower Santa Cruz River. Poster Presentation. Symposium for Planning for the Santa Cruz River. Tucson, Arizona. March 30, 2001. With Thomas Furgason, Mike List, Lara Mitchell, and Elizabeth Vinson.
Pygmy-owl Survey Protocol. Invited speaker. CLE International Conference on Endangered Species Act. Phoenix, Arizona. Nov. 16, 2000. With Daniel Godec.
Pygmy-owl and Other Fine Feathered Friends. Preservation, Development, Economics, and Other Concerns. Panel presentation, CLE International Conference on Arizona Land Use Law. Phoenix, AZ. December 7, 1999.
Principles and Practice for Design of Cave Preserve Management and Monitoring Plans for Invertebrate Species of Concern, San Antonio, Texas. 14 th National Cave and Karst Management Symposium, Chattanooga, Tennessee. 1999. With Kemble White.
Urban Environments and the Cactus Ferruginous Pygmy-owl (Glaucidium brasilianum cactorum): a Profile of Endangerment of a Species. Proceedings of the Fourth International Urban Wildlife Symposium, Tucson, Arizona. 1999. With R. Roy Johnson, Richard L. Glinski, and Steven W. Carothers. Moderator of session on Endangered Animals and guide for birding field trip.
Guidelines and Criteria for Creating Karst Ecosystem Preserves. Section on Endangered Animals (moderator of two paper sessions). Society for Ecological Restoration Annual Meeting. Austin, Texas. 1998.
Conservation Biology of the Delhi Sands Flower-loving Fly. Invited Speaker in Symposium on Pollinator Restoration. Society for Ecological Restoration Annual Meeting. Fort Lauderdale, Florida. 1997.
Development of a Conservation Agreement to Protect Cave Invertebrates and Obviate Listing as Endangered Species in Bexar County, Texas. 13 th National Cave Management Symposium, Bellingham, Wash. 1997.
The Conservation Agreement as an Alternative to Listing. CLE International Conference on the Endangered Species Act, Phoenix, Arizona. Invited Speaker. 1997.
Endangered Species Act Update. Arizona Public Service Environmental Conference. Flagstaff, Arizona. Invited Speaker. 1995.
The Biological Issues. CLE International Conference on the Endangered Species Act. Austin, Texas. Invited Speaker. 1994.
Arizona Aphid Population Trends and the Effects of Insecticides. Western Irrigated Pecan Growers Assoc. Las Cruces, NM. 1987.
Practical Applications of Biological Control for Pecan Aphids. California Pecan Growers Assoc. Visalia, CA. 1987.
Large-scale Application of B.t.i. for Management of Floodwater Mosquitoes in Irrigated Pecan Orchards. American Mosquito Control Association, New Orleans, LA. 1986.
The Pecan Orchard as a Riparian Ecosystem. Interagency North American Conference on Riparian Ecosystems and their Management. Tucson, AZ. 1985.
Aquatic Fauna of Minor Tributaries of the Colorado River in the Grand Canyon. Southwestern Association of Naturalists, Glendale, AZ. 1985.
Pecan Farming: Repercussions of the Creation of a " Georgia Swamp" in the Sonoran Desert. Invited paper. Symposium on Interactions Among Plants and Animals in the Western Deserts. American Association for the Advancement of Science, Tucson, AZ. 1985.
Mosquito Problems at the Agro-urban Interface, Santa Cruz Valley, Arizona. Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science. Tucson, AZ. 1984.
Ecological Distribution of the Mammals of the Grapevine Mountains, Death Valley. Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science. Tucson, AZ. 1981.
Ecology of a Temporary Desert Pond. Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science. Tempe, AZ. 1979.
MEMBERSHIPS AND AFFILIATIONS
HONORARY APPOINTMENTS, COMMITTEES, AND PANELS
AWARDS AND HONORS
1,000-Hour Volunteer Service Award. Arizona State Parks. 2007.
2001 Professional Design Award. Analysis and Planning Category. Arizona Chapter of the American Society of Landscape Architects. Team award, to The Acacia Group and members of the analysis and planning team for the Irvington Road Landfill End‑Use Masterplan.
Forgotten Pollinators Award. Awarded for outstanding contribution to pollinator science and conservation, by the Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum, Sonoran Arthropod Studies Institute, and Xerces Society. 1997.
2,000-Hour Volunteer Service Award. U.S. National Park Service. 1989.
Gamma Sigma Delta. Honor Society of Agricultural Scientists, elected member. 1985.
American Ornithologists Union. Honorary undergraduate student membership award. 1972.